Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer Causes, Symptoms, Risk Factors & Treatments

Beginning in the uterus, Endometrial Cancer, also called Uterine Cancer, forms in cells of the uterus inner lining.

Endometrial Cancer frequently causes vaginal bleeding, which is a major reason why it’s often diagnosed early.

Endometrial Cancer Causes

The medical community is currently unsure what exactly causes Endometrial Cancer, only that something triggers mutations in the DNA of endometrium cells.

The mutation causes normal cells to convert into abnormal cells that multiply out of control, forming a tumor mass that can spread and invade nearby parts of the body.

Endometrial Cancer Signs and Symptoms

The primary signs and symptoms of Endometrial Cancer include:

  • Pain the pelvic area
  • Vaginal bleeding (after menopause)
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods

Endometrial Cancer Risk Factors

Risk factors for Endometrial Cancer including:

  • Obesity
  • Advanced age
  • Hormone Imbalances
  • Starting menstruation at an early age
  • Never being pregnant
  • Breast cancer hormone therapy
  • Hereditary Lynch Syndrome

Endometrial Cancer Treatments

Treatment for Endometrial Cancer is treated in two primary ways:

  • Radiation Therapy: Immensely strong radiation beams are used to kill the cancer mutating cancer cells. The therapy can be used pre or post surgery, to either reduce the size of a tumor for easier removal, or post to help lower the risk of recurrence after surgery.
  • Surgery: The most common treatment, an operation to remove the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
  • Chemothrapy or targeted drug therapy.
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy

If you suspect you or a loved one may be dealing with Endometrial Cancer, please consider consulting a medical professional immediately for a proper diagnosis and next steps.