Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that develops in plasma cells, which are a type of white blood cell that helps fight infection.
The cancerous plasma cells multiply and can crowd out healthy blood cells in the bone marrow.
This can lead to a variety of symptoms, including bone pain, fatigue, and an increased risk of infections.
Multiple Myeloma Causes
The exact cause of multiple myeloma is not yet known. Yet, there are certain risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing the disease, including:
- Age: Multiple myeloma is more common in people over the age of 65.
- Gender: Men are more likely to develop multiple myeloma than women.
- Race: African Americans are more likely to develop multiple myeloma than people of other races.
- Family history: If you have a first-degree relative (parent or sibling) who has had multiple myeloma, you may be at an increased risk.
Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma
The symptoms of multiple myeloma can vary from person to person.
Some people may not experience any symptoms at all, while others may have a combination of the following:
- Bone pain, especially in the back or ribs
- Fatigue or weakness
- Increased susceptibility to infections
- Unexplained weight loss
- Nausea or vomiting
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Numbness, tingling, or weakness in the legs
- Shortness of breath
Treatments For Multiple Myeloma
There are several treatment options available for multiple myeloma, including:
- Chemotherapy: This involves using drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy: This uses high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells.
- Stem cell transplantation: Replaces the patient’s diseased bone marrow with healthy stem cells.
- Targeted therapy: This uses drugs that target specific
If you think you or a loved one may have Multiple myeloma, it is important to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and treatment.